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We aim to include various additional sections for users of other 'nix's such as Irix and Solaris.

Miscellaneous Quickies
Jargon List

This should help you out Here

This nifty page has been added, we are calling it The Quick Cheat Sheet

To change IP Address of server

This can vary depending upon which 'flavour' of Linux you're using. Generally you should edit the following files:-

/etc/resolve.conf - defines name servers
/etc/sysconfig/network - defines IP address and netmask etc
/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 - defines settings for network card

If you've built an Ubuntu server, you'll probably find that by default it's been configured to pick up an IP address via DHCP. If this is the case, you need to edit the /etc/network/interfaces file and you'll find a line which looks like

iface eth0 inet dhcp

You need to change this to read as follows:-

iface eth inet static
        address (or whatever IP address you require)
        gateway (or whatever the IP address of your router is)

Don't forget to change the name servers in the /etc/resolv.conf file and now you'll probably want to uninstall the DHCP client to prevent it trying to run DHCP in future.

apt-get remove dhcp3-client

N.B. Above commands should be done as root.

You should now restart the network interface:-

/etc/init.d/networking restart
To change the date

The date and time can be set with the date command. The syntax is: date MMDDhhmm[[CC]YY][.ss]

The alternative solution is to install NTP and let the server synchronise the time/date from the internet.

Setting the Time Zone

Type the following:- export TZ=BST (or GMT etc.)

To synchronise the hardware clock, type:- hwclock --systohc --utc

Support for specific software packages
  • Apache - The Number One HTTP Server On The Internet
  • Bind - Berkeley Internet Name Domain is an implementation of the Domain Name System (DNS) protocols and provides an openly redistributable reference implementation of the major components of the Domain Name System.
  • CPAN - The Comprehensive Perl Archive Network
  • Dovecot - Secure IMAP server
  • Exim - Mail Transfer Agent (MTA) and alternative to SendMail.
  • NTP - Network Time Protocol designed to synchronize the clocks of computers over a network.
  • OpenSSL - a collaborative effort to develop a robust, commercial-grade, full-featured, and Open Source toolkit implementing the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL v2/v3) and Transport Layer Security (TLS v1) protocols as well as a full-strength general purpose cryptography library.
  • PHP - widely-used general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited for Web development and can be embedded into HTML.
  • ProFTPD - Highly configurable GPL-licensed FTP server software.
  • Qpopper - The most widely-used POP3 server for UNIX, Linux, etc.
  • Spam Assassin - The Powerful #1 Open-Source Spam Filter.
  • Sendmail - the definitive, if complex, MTA application.
  • Brain Dump of Postfix - This is the brain dump of questions regarding Postfix
  • SquirrelMail - a standards-based webmail package written in PHP. It includes built-in pure PHP support for the IMAP and SMTP protocols.
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